Growing your own vegetables at home doesn’t always need to include the complex urban farming equipment, especially if You never planted anything before. For a beginner farmer, there’s simple home equipment You can use to start indoor farming. SocialFarm has listed 5 easy to grow vegetables at home for your growing experience:

  1. Kale
Photo by Char Beck from Unsplash

According to UrbanGardenGal , You could use small trays or containers with drainage holes in the bottom and fill them with good quality potting mix (peat moss, vermiculite,perlite, sand, shredded bark or compost).

Sow your kale seeds ¼ inch ( ½ cm) deep, lightly sprinkle some potting mix over the top and water with spray bottle

Sun exposure: Place it near window with access to morning sun to absorb 6 hours of sun light. Don’t expose it to hot afternoon sun to avoid burning or causing them to wither.

Tips: Place a saucer or tray underneath your containers to avoid water damaged windowsill.  Add mulch to keep the soil cool or move them away from the window in the afternoons. Put your kale plants outside for a couple nights before harvesting – cool temperatures help the plants convert starches into sugars, so they would taste a lot sweeter.

Harvest time: Kale is a microgreen crop, so you can harvest them around 10 to 12 days after planting the seeds. After harvest, keep it in the refrigerator.

2. Carrots

Photo by Jacqueline from Unsplash

Carrots grow best in sandy soils and full sun. According to My Stay at Home Adventures, You can grow your carrots indoor using a container. Start with a medium pot and fill it with soil, leave about an inch at the top. Use water and moisten the soil, sprinkle the seeds over the surface.

Sun exposure: Place your pot near a sunny window to get enough sunlight throughout the day. Water every time you see the soil is getting dry.

Tips: When the carrots start to germinate, use a pair of scissors to clip out seedlings and leave about one-half inches between the seedlings. Do this again when your seedlings are about 2 -3 inches tall by thinning them again and this time make sure you have about an inch of space between them

Harvest time: 14 to 70 days

3. Green Beans/Bush Beans

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Beans need full sun for the best yield. The full sunlight keeps plants dry and less likely affected by the disease.

Medium: Rich soil with slightly acidic pH. Keep them well-watered with a depth of 1-inch water per week. Keep the plant at a temperature between 21 – 30 Celcius.

Tips: Gardeners usually harvest when the beans are young and tender – about a size of small pencil. Overly mature beans can be tough and stringy.

Harvest time: 50 – 65 days.

4. Spinach

You can grow spinach in a pot or container. If you use pot, its depth matters more than the width.

Medium: Fill the container with soil, bury the seeds at a depth of half an inch. Within five days to two weeks, spinach should begin to grow. Water your soil until it’s moist, but never let it get fully wet because it can develop a fungal disease or root rot. Keep away from extreme heat.

Tips: If the spinach will have large leaves, keep the seeds five inches from each other. Some farmers plant their spinach seeds two inches from each other when they plan for an early harvest.

Sun exposure: If you’re growing spinach in the humid or summer days, it’s important you avoid spots that are too sunny. When planting this vegetable in the fall, go for sunnier areas. 8 to 10 hours per day under sunlight or plan lighting.

Temperature: 15 to 30 Celsius.

Harvest parameter: if they have grown to 3 – 4 inches and have at least 5 – 6 leaves.

Harvest time: 14 – 45 days.

5. Celery

Image by Ulrike Leone from Pixabay

For celery, You can sow one seed per container. Place the seed as centrally as possible in the container.

Medium: Plant 1-2 teaspoons of seed (for a 5×5 inch container) on a thoroughly moistened soil. Cover your crop with another tray, or a plate – to keep it light out and moisture in. Keep your medium moist by watering lightly as needed. Use coconut coir and you likely won’t have to water at all after planting.

Tips: When the plants have begun to show leaves, remove the cover, and move your crop to a well-lit location.

Harvest time : 14 – 21 days.

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